Bible Stories on Postcards
The theological, sociological, and philosophical impact of a single book is not often measured in centuries. But that is the case with a book that is over 400 years old.
It was 1611 when the King of England, James I, was presented with the first English language version of what we know today as the King James Version (KJV) of The Holy Bible.
In 1603, when Queen Elizabeth I (the last of the Tudor monarchs) died, the throne was passed to the Stuart family over which James VI of Scotland reigned. One of his first acts as the King of the English was to convene a conference for “the hearing and determining of all things pretended to be amiss in the church.” Interestingly a new version of the Bible was not on the agenda.
Early in their deliberations, the conference declared that the unsettled status of the church was due, in part, to the chaotic reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI, and further, they found it necessary to condemn all versions of the Bible then in use to be corrupt and not answerable to the “original” — including the Great Bible of 1538 that Henry introduced as a vernacular translation of the Scriptures. Then they lost no time in the solicitation of His Majesty’s permission to prepare a new Bible, suitable for use in the divine services of all churches in England.
After receipt of the King’s reply, “that a translation be made of the whole Bible,” work began in what were known as companies. The First Westminster Company translated Genesis to 2nd Kings; the First Cambridge Company translated 1st Chronicles to the Song of Solomon; The First Oxford Company translated Isaiah to Malachi. The Second Companies of all three delegations (Cambridge, Oxford and Westminster) translated the New Testament.
When the translation was complete, the hand-written pages were delivered to the Royal printer – Robert Barker. If he wished, any Englishman could purchase a copy of the KJV. It was available in two formats: a loose-leaf that cost ten shillings and a bound edition for 12 shillings.
The printing of the Bible has been a very profitable enterprise over the last 400 years. There was a survey done and reported in 1995 that suggested there were then over 1000 versions of the Bible published in over 2000 languages and dialects. The same report also declared that at least 600 variations of the KJV were then in print. The total of all publications done since 1611 is estimated at an astonishing 6,000,000,000 – yes, six billion copies – the best-selling book of all time.
Seldom in literature is the phrase “a picture is worth a thousand words” more appropriate than when discussing biblical content. If you search the internet for “Bible Stories,” the list is enormous — one source suggests that the Old Testament offers 102 narratives that teach lessons of morality, faith, and devotion.
Postcards are the perfect medium for Bible stories and this fact was recognized early in the golden age of postcards. Dozens of firms around the world created sets of cards based on biblical themes. Since the variety is overwhelming, let me mention one set which is very worthy of collecting. It is a twelve-card set by The Pilgrim Press. Each card is a character study from original paintings by the German artist Johannes Adolf Tillack (1861-1948). These may be a difficult set to find so I’ve listed the titles of all twelve cards below:
Abraham about to sacrifice his son Isaac
Isaac blesses Jacob
Jacob sees Rachel at the well
Rachel and little Joseph
Joseph interprets Pharaoh’s dream
Moses rebukes the Israelites
Samson and Delilah
Saul broods and plots against David
David plays the harp before Saul
Solomon sits in judgment
Ruth gathers sheaves in the field of Boaz
Daniel in the den of the lions
I Samuel 18: 8, 9
I Samuel 19:9
I Kings 3:27
Daniel 6:22, 23
And, I have selected examples from a six-card set (No. 853) by the G-A Novelty Company of New York. The most active period at G-A was circa 1908 through 1912, which fairly dates the cards. Those I have chosen are: David conquers Goliath (top), The Expulsion of Adam and Eve out of Paradise and Joseph is sold to the Ishmaelites by his brothers.
This article appeared in an earlier form in the South Jersey Postcard Club’s McClintock Letter of August 2011, page 3.